As delegates from over 150 countries converge for the fourth session to negotiate a mercury treaty, NGOs from around the world are calling on them to address the global mercury crisis. Alarmed that mercury is still transported great distances through the air and by trade, they are urging world leaders to adopt strong treaty provisions on supply and trade that will, among other things, prohibit mining of mercury.
"While mercury exports are banned in the EU and will soon be in the U.S., traders can still ship this dangerous neurotoxin everywhere else, poisoning people around the globe," said Michael Bender, Zero Mercury Working Group[i] co-coordinator. "With the price of mercury almost doubling in the past year[ii], a treaty is the only way to end the profiteering in toxic trade."
While the draft treaty text has proposed some trade restrictions on mercury, ZMWG is urging that these be strengthened. Along with that, ZMWG recommends:
- Phasing out the use of mercury in most products and industrial processes;
- Requiring best available control technologies to minimize mercury emissions from priority sources, such as coal-fired power plants and nonferrous smelters;
- Requiring action plans to reduce mercury use and releases from artisanal small scale gold mining;
- Safely managing surplus mercury and mercury waste and responding to contaminated sites, including addressing the risks to vulnerable populations; and
- Providing sufficient funding to assist developing countries.
In addition to adopting strong treaty provisions, ZMWG is also calling for interim funds to aid implementation planning after the treaty is signed, but before it enters into force.
Elena Lymberidi-Settimo, Co-coordinator of the Zero Mercury Working Group said, "Securing interim financial support to enable the development of national implementation plans prior to treaty ratification is critical, especially to developing countries."
ZMWG looks forward to working with delegates to achieve these objectives.
[i] The Zero Mercury Working Group is an international coalition of more than 94 public interest nongovernmental organizations from 52 countries from around the world formed in 2005 by the European Environmental Bureau and the Mercury Policy Project. ZMWG strives for zero supply, demand, and emissions of mercury from all anthropogenic sources, with the goal of reducing mercury in the global environment to a minimum. Our mission is to advocate and support the adoption and implementation of a legally binding instrument which contains mandatory obligations to eliminate where feasible, and otherwise minimize, releases of mercury to the environment, see: www.zeromercury.org. [ii] http://www.businessweek.com/news/2012-05-24/gold-boom-spreading-mercury-as-15-million-miners-exposed
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